Fuerteventura is an island of the Canary Islands archipelago, located in the Atlantic Ocean, 97 km from the northwest coast of Africa. In May 26, 2009 it was declared a biosphere reserve by the UNESCO. It belongs to the province of Las Palmas, one of the two that make up the Canary Islands, an Autonomous Community of Spain. The island's capital is Puerto del Rosario, where the Cabildo Insular, the island government, is located.
The island has a desert climate, and temperatures are constant almost all year round (average temperature of 20.4°C). Rainfall is scant, in fact Fuerteventura is the driest island in the Canary Archipelago. Due to its low altitude, the island does not retain masses of damp air, which occurs in other islands in the archipelago.